Markus Püschel and José M. F. Moura (SIAM Journal of Computing, Vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 1280-1316, 2003)
The Algebraic Approach to the Discrete Cosine and Sine Transforms and their Fast Algorithms
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It is known that the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) used in digital signal processing can be characterized in the framework of representation theory of algebras, namely as the decomposition matrix for the regular module C[Z_n] = C[x]/(x^n - 1). This characterization provides deep insight on the DFT and can be used to derive and understand the structure of its fast algorithms. In this paper we present an algebraic characterization of the important class of discrete cosine and sine transforms as decomposition matrices of certain regular modules associated to four series of Chebyshev polynomials. Then we derive most of their known algorithms by pure algebraic means. We identify the mathematical principle behind each algorithm and give insight into its structure. Our results show that the connection between algebra and digital signal processing is stronger than previously understood.

Keywords:
Algorithm theory and analysis, Algebraic signal processing theory, Fast algorithms, Discrete/fast cosine transforms

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